Ashu Sachdev
Cosmetic and General Dentistry

Creating Beautiful Lasting Smiles

Address: 511 Hempstead Ave, West Hempstead, NY 11552
516-485-9675

 

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Gum Disease Treatments

Gum diseases (also known as periodontal diseases) are serious bacterial infections that destroy the gums and the surrounding tissues of the mouth. Dental caries, or cavities, in the tooth affect only the tooth. Gum disease affects the bones around the tooth, the gums, the coverings of the roots of the teeth, and the membrane of the tooth.

Gum treatment is an important part of your overall dental care. Even the healthiest teeth are only as strong as the gums that hold them.

Some early symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Receding gums
  • Soreness and pain in the gums
  • Bleeding of the gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Teeth that have begun to shift
  • Bad breath

If diagnosed early enough, however, these symptoms can be halted and even reversed.
What are the Different Types of Gum Diseases?
There are two forms of gum diseases, primarily differentiated by the stage of advancement:

  • Gingivitis: With gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease, the gums are likely to become red, swollen, and tender, causing them to bleed easily during daily cleanings and flossing.

Treatment and proper, consistent care at home help to resolve the problems associated with gingivitis. If the gingivitis is not treated, it may lead to periodontitis.

  • Mild periodontitis: Untreated gingivitis leads to mild periodontitis. This stage of gum disease shows evidence of the bone around the tooth starting to erode. The following are the most common symptoms of periodontitis:
    • red, bleeding gums

    • bad taste in the mouth

    • pockets around the bottom of the teeth in the gum line

    • the teeth may become loose and spread apart (as the disease worsens)

    • tooth loss

Prompt medical attention is necessary to prevent further erosion and damage.

  • Moderate to advanced periodontitis: This most advance stage of gum disease shows significant bone and tissue loss surrounding the teeth

How Are Gum Diseases Treated?

  • Plaque removal: Deep cleaning can help remove the plaque and infected tissue in the early stages of the disease, while smoothing the damaged root surfaces of the teeth. The gums can then be reattached to the teeth.
  • Medication
  • Surgery: When the disease is advanced, the infected areas under the gums will be cleaned, and the tissues will then be reshaped or replaced. Types of surgeries include:

    • pocket reduction

    • a regeneration procedure

    • a soft tissue graft

    • crown lengthening

 

 

 

 

 

  • The information contained herein is intended for educational purposes only.  It is not intended and should not be construed as the delivery of dental/medical care and is not a substitute for personal hands on dental/medical attention, diagnosis or treatment.